Enzyme Technology FAQ’s
The use of enzymes in cleaning products is well known. However, the proper application of new enzyme based products such as the products used by NuSystems LLC, depend on a good understanding of the technology and science of enzymes. Below are the most Fequently Asked Questions when discussing enzyme technology.
What are enzymes?
Enzymes are proteins produced by living organisms, these organisms may be single cell bacteria or multicellular such as animals and humans.
What do enzymes do?
Enzymes are produced to accomplish a task which the cell needs for purposes of reproduction, food for energy, or to aid other cells in the organism.
How do enzymes work?
Enzymes work by means of biocatalysis. This means they do the same biological task, such as breaking down fats, over and over again without being changed themselves. (See picture)
Are enzymes alive?
No, they do not have the characteristics of living organisms, but their biocatalytic effects can often aid beneficial waste eating organisms.
Do enzymes quit working?
Yes, eventually they are deactivated by environmental factors such as chemicals, pH, or high heat. The products used by Nusystems LLC, contain enzymes derived from thermophilic organisms which are able to tolerate high temperatures. Most enzymes are inactivated above the boiling point of water.
What happens to deactivated enzymes?
Like all proteinaceous material, enzymes are naturally absorbed into the biological environment, they are used as food by bacteria and other organisms.
Is there any trace left?
No, enzymes are not bioaccumulative and contain no heavy metals. The eventually degrade to CO2 and water, in the same manner as food wastes, etc.
Why are enzymes so effective in cleaning and deodorizing?
When properly selected and blended with wetting agents, enzyme blends attack and breakdown many organic structures like slimes, complex sugars, fats and greases. They also breakdown certain odor causing chemical structures such as those found in petroleum sludges, wastewater plants and food processing facilities. They keep doing this over and over so less cleaner is needed.
Are there any other benefits form using enzymes for cleaning?
Yes, once the initial cleaning task is done, the wash water is full of active enzymes which promote the cleaning and deodorization of drains. Discharging further into grease traps or pretreatment devices the enzymes promote deodorization, separation of wastes and continued breakdown or organics. Once discharged into the public sewer or other treatment system, these same benefits continue. Note: materials removed during cleaning may require testing prior to discharge.
Are enzymes safe to use?
The products used by Nusystems are formulated without phosphates, chlorine, acids, caustics, or other hazardous materials. Toxicity testing has also been performed and these products have proven to be very safe for employees, customers and the environment. (Always follow recommended safety procedures.)
Don’t other products claim to have enzymes?
Yes, but often the enzyme package is not sufficient to do many cleaning operations due to poor enzyme selection, or the enzymes are relatively inactive due to inappropriate choice of surfactants blended in the product.